Tradition versus democracy in the Kingdom of Tonga

by Stephanie Lawson

Publisher: Political and Social Change, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University in Canberra, ACT, Australia

Written in English
Published: Pages: 42 Downloads: 651
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  • Tonga -- Politics and government.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 34-38).

StatementStephanie Lawson.
SeriesRegime change and regime maintenance in Asia and the Pacific,, no. 13
ContributionsAustralian National University. Dept. of Political and Social Change.
LC ClassificationsJQ6321.A58 L39 1994
The Physical Object
Pagination42 p. ;
Number of Pages42
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL429936M
ISBN 100731518217
LC Control Number98137101

  In , Tonga earned the status of a British protected state and remained so until Unlike many other nations in the region, Tonga never lost its sovereignty to any foreign powers. Protestantism is the biggest religion in Tonga. Followers of this religion account for % of the population of the country. % of the population are Mormons. There is a Tory tradition in America that runs against the grain of establishment Liberalism, embracing home, hearth, community, family, church, nature, and the moral realities of everyday life, and opposed to individualism, unlimited free markets, libertarianism, secularism, and the rootless loneliness of global modernity. This tradition comes from within America, not without. King George Tupou I commits Tonga to God in In August Taufa’ahau was baptized by some Wesleyan missionaries. Taufa’ahu later became King George Tupou Iof Tonga. According to tradition, King George Tupou I dedicated the Kingdom of Tonga . Unlike other Zambian tribes which claim to have descended from the Luba-Lunda Kingdom in present day Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola, the exact origin of the Tonga tribe is still unknown. Iron Age settlements from as early as the 7th century have been found in various parts of the Southern Province, with the most popular being Ingombe Ilede which is translated as ‘the sleeping cow.

  Lessons in the Decline of Democracy From the Ruined Roman Republic A new book argues that violent rhetoric and disregard for political norms was the beginning of Rome’s end. less than , inhabitants, the Kingdom of Tonga has more than soldiers. Facing no known international disputes, their primary role is to pacify the population. But Tonga also sent 40 troops to join the “Coalition of the Willing,” supporting the U.S. invasion of Iraq in Another soldiers are scheduled to be hired this year.   Tonga's first contact with the West came through Dutch navigators Schouten and Lemaire in Captain Cook - whose name for Tonga was the Friendly Isles - visited in and then came the Wesleyan Missionaries. After this, the pace of change quickened. In King George Tupou I abolished slavery and in a constitution was drawn up. demand for greater democracy. This is the context in which Pohivas case was heard and decided. 2. The cases and their legal significance Pohiva v Prime Minister and Kingdom of Tonga - Pohiva v Prime Minister of Tonga Facts: In í õ ô ô, Akilisi Pohiva brought a case of wrongful dismissal before the Supreme Court. He had.

Tonga maintains an embassy at East 51st Street, New York, New York (tel: ; fax: ). In addition, Tonga has a Consulate General in San Francisco. POLITICAL CONDITIONS. For most of the 20th century Tonga was quiet, inward-looking, and somewhat isolated from developments elsewhere in the world. Journey back in time to experience the Kingdom of Tonga’s authentic View More; True Family Fun. If you are looking for a pacific playground, you will find it among the stunning islands of Tonga, with View More; True Adventure. There’s no better way to immerse yourself in Tonga’s compelling mix of spectacular landscapes, pristine. frozen by the opposition between plain or "formal" democracy and "popular" democracy which was current until recently in world-wide multilateral circles. These times are past; democracy - now unqualified - seems to be the subject of broad consensus and its promotion is high on the agenda of international bodies.   The full moon rises above the Statue of Liberty, Jersey City, N.J., May 7, (Brendan McDermid/Reuters) American Conservatism: Reclaiming an Intellectual Tradition, edited by Andrew J.

Tradition versus democracy in the Kingdom of Tonga by Stephanie Lawson Download PDF EPUB FB2

Much recent literature on non-Western countries celebrates the renaissance of indigenous culture, Tradition Versus Democracy in the South Pacific, however, looks more critically at Fiji, Tonga and Western Samoa, showing how current movements to reclaim and celebrate 'tradition' may protect the power and privileges of indigenous elites and promote political s: 1.

Tradition versus democracy in the Kingdom of Tonga. Canberra, ACT, Australia: Political and Social Change, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, (OCoLC)   This study analyses the ways in which political elites use the idea of 'tradition' to legitimate certain practices and institutions.

Within this framework, case studies focus on constitutional development and the chiefly power in Fiji, the monarchy and the Pro-Democracy Movement in Tonga, and the political issues surrounding the move to universal suffrage in Western by: The rise of the Pro-Democracy Movement in Tonga is considered against the background of a conservative political order that has so far resisted pressure for reform.

The move to universal suffrage in Western Samoa is seen not as a rejection of traditional ways in favour of democratic norms, but as a means of preserving important aspects of Cited by: Much recent literature on non-Western countries celebrates the renaissance of indigenous culture, Tradition Versus Democracy in the South Pacific, however, looks more critically at Fiji, Tonga and Western Samoa, showing how current movements to reclaim and celebrate 'tradition' may protect the power and privileges of indigenous elites and promote political conservatism.

Booktopia has Tradition versus Democracy in the South Pacific, Fiji, Tonga and Western Samoa by Stephanie Lawson.

Buy a discounted Hardcover of Tradition versus Democracy in the South Pacific online from Australia's leading online bookstore. TY - BOOK. T1 - Tradition versus democracy in the South Pacific. T2 - Fiji, Tonga and Western Samoa. AU - Lawson, S.

PY - Y1 - N2 - The approach taken in this book is one which defends certain aspects of Western democratic politics, not only from a Western standpoint, but also from the perspective of the people in the country studies. Identification. The name "Tonga" is composed of to (to plant) and nga (a place).

It also means "south." According to the most recent archaeological findings, people arrived in the archipelago from Fiji around B.C.E. Thus, Tradition versus democracy in the Kingdom of Tonga book is appropriate to translate the nation's name as "land lying in the south.". Tradition versus democracy in the Kingdom of Tonga.

Download ( MB) Statistics; Export Reference to BibTeX The only remaining kingdom in the entire Pacific, Tonga had also been the only island country to escape formal colonization during the period of European expansion in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and was therefore spared.

TRADITION VERSUS DEMOCRACY IN THE KINGDOM OF TONGA* Stephanie Lawson Truth is what the chief says and history is what the chief says. (Elizabeth Wood Ellem, quoted in Taliai ) Introduction Until relatively recently, what most struck outside observers of Tonga's conser­.

Home» ANU Research» ANU Scholarly Output» ANU Pacific Institute» Tradition versus democracy in the Kingdom of Tonga Tradition versus democracy in the Kingdom of Tonga. The history of Tonga is recorded since the century after BC, when seafarers associated with the Lapita diaspora first settled the islands which now make up the Kingdom of Tonga.

Along with Fiji and Samoa, the area served as a gateway into the rest of the Pacific region known as Polynesia. Ancient Tongan mythologies recorded by early European explorers report the islands of 'Ata and.

Tradition versus Democracy in the South Pacific Article in American Anthropologist 99(2) - January with 4 Reads How we measure 'reads'. Tonga, officially Kingdom of Tonga, Tongan Fakatuʿi ʿo Tonga, also called Friendly Islands, country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It consists of some islands divided into three main island groups: Tongatapu in the south, Haʿapai in the centre, and Vavaʿu in the north.

Tonga's choice: Dictatorship, Democracy or a fine-tuning Monarchy System - Daniel K. Fale: I believe that there is a very good third choice we can strive for which has been brought up by a number of previous letters to the editor such as those by Uili Finau of Nomuka and others, which discusses the possibility of fine-tuning the current monarchy system with a number of democratic principles to.

Book Review: Tradition versus Democracy in the South Pacific: Fiji, Tonga and Western Samoa: Author(s): Larmour, Peter: Publisher: Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University Asia Pacific Press: Description.

(Book Review) Tradition versus democracy in the South Pacific: Fiji, Tonga and Western Samoa By Clive Moore Topics: History, Political Science, 21 History and Archaeology.

It is the South Pacific’s last Polynesian kingdom, a constitutional hereditary monarchy. The United States has commended Tonga for its move toward fuller democracy through the election of its first popular majority parliament and subsequent elections in andwith international observers deemed free and fair, as well as its.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Tonga claims it has o members (about 60% of the population) with congregations as of According to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Tonga has a higher per-capita number of Latter-day Saints than any other country in the world.

However, according to census, only % of Tongans belong to LDS Church and. [1] Island Kingdom: Tonga Ancient and Modern, Third edition,page [2] “Aid to the Pacific Reviewed” in Class and Culture in the South Pacific,pages 74– [3] In Search of.

Under the constitution, Tonga's King wielded most of the country's power, along with a hereditary nobility which represented the island groups. The Privy Council and most of the legislature were appointed by the King. But in the latter half of the 20th century, a democracy movement started simmering and grew to be increasingly outspoken.

Under the constitution, Tonga is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy. The monarchy is hereditary, and the monarch is head of state.

Untilthe constitution was essentially King George Tupou I’s constitution granted inunder. The subjects of this paper are the Kingdom of Tonga,1 its Monarchy, its Constitution, its tradition-al values and political reform.

It is now well known that the government and Legislative Assembly of Tonga (the Assembly) made a momentous decision four years ago inwhen it amended the Con-stitution of Tonga (the Constitution) to shift most.

Nuku'alofa, Tonga: While the world trashed monarchy as evil, and idolized democracy as the best form of government, Tonga proved otherwise. While world trashed the Church as detrimental to politics, Tonga proved that the Church has immensely and positively supported politics.

- Senituli Penitani. Tonga (/ ˈ t ɒ ŋ (ɡ) ə /; Tongan: Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga), officially named the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian sovereign state and archipelago comprising islands, of which 36 are inhabited. The total surface area is about square kilometres ( sq mi) scattered oversquare kilometres (, sq mi) of the southern Pacific Ocean.

The Kingdom of Tonga, an archipelago of islands in the South Pacific, is the last surviving Polynesian kingdom. Although a British protectorate for 70 years, Tonga managed to survive the ravages of the colonial world with much of its heritage and authority intact, including indigenous chiefly leadership, Tongan-only land ownership, and a robust subsistence farming and fishing economic sector.

Search the world's most comprehensive index of full-text books. My library. Since the mids a pro-democracy movement was birthed as a grass-roots political movement calling for changes to the governance structure of the Kingdom of Tonga. A major part of the success of this movement was the victories scored by a number of reformers elected as people’s representatives in the Legislative Assembly over a year period.

THE KINGDOM OF TONGA Follow my adventures with the US PEACE CORPS in the SOUTH PACIFIC. Tuesday, Novem RESULTS of Democracy Movement in Tonga. PHOTOS: People voting in Pangai, Ha'apai. Tonga's Pro-democracy Movement Kerry E.

James SINCEseveral government ministers of the kingdom of Tonga in the southwest Pacific have been increasingly subjected to criticism and threats of legal action for alleged irregularities, particularly in regard to their disbursement of public finances.

At first, the criticisms came from a. Tonga does not rate as an "electoral democracy" under the criteria of Freedom House's Freedom in the World report.

This is likely because while elections exist, they can only elect nine of 30 Legislative Assembly seats, the remainder being selected either by the nobility or the government; as such the people have a voice in but no control. The striking claim in Ryszard Legutko’s ‘The Demon in Democracy’ is that both communism and liberal democracy share essentially the same central ideology, namely an unquestioned commitment to social improvement and unravelling of historic injustices, with a concomitant attitude of de-legitimation and derision towards historical culture.

Key Takeaways: Republic vs. Democracy Republics and democracies both provide a political system in which citizens are represented by elected officials who are sworn to protect their interests.

In a pure democracy, laws are made directly by the voting majority leaving the rights of the minority largely unprotected.